Egyptian police shot dead a Sudanese migrant and wounded two others on Thursday as they tried to cross illegally into Israel, a security official said.
The dead man, 23, died of a bullet wound in the thigh. The two others were taken to hospital, the official said.
Around 10 sub-Saharan migrants have been killed this year trying to cross the porous border into Israel, which has asked Egypt to clamp down on migrant traffic and smuggling.
The figure is a drop from 2010, in which they shot dead at least 28 migrants by August.
Rather than any change in the much-criticised policy of shooting unarmed migrants, the lower death toll has been attributed to laxer policing since the revolt that overthrew president Hosni Mubarak in February.
New York-based Human Rights Watch said last year that Egyptian police have killed at least 85 migrants near the border since 2007.